طراحی مدل عوامل مؤثر بر استفاده از سیاست‌پژوهی در سیاستگذاری؛ با استفاده از نگاشت مفهومی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشکده حسابداری و مدیریت، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

3 استاد دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس قم

4 دکتری مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

سیاست‌پژوهی فرایند انجام تحقیق درباره مسئله اجتماعی یا تحلیل آن به‌منظور ارائه توصیه‌های عملی به سیاستگذاران است. اما مهم‌تر از انجام سیاست‌پژوهی، استفاده از آن است. استفاده، زمانی اتفاق می‌افتد که سیاست‌پژوهی، بر افراد یا سیستم‌هایی اثر گذارد، آنها را شکل و یا تغییر دهد. هدف اصلی این مقاله شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر استفاده از سیاست‌پژوهی در سیاستگذاری و طراحی آنها در قالب یک مدل است. روش تحقیق ترکیبی از نوع متوالی ـ اکتشافی است. مرور ادبیات، مصاحبه و برگزاری گروه کانونی، روش‌های به‌کار برده شده برای شناسایی عوامل هستند. برای طراحی مدل از نگاشت مفهومی و برای بررسی معناداری وزن‌های به‌دست آمده در ابعاد مدل، از آزمون فریدمن استفاده شده است. جامعه آماری در این تحقیق اساتید و محققان حوزه خط‌مشی‌گذاری عمومی هستند. برای نمونه‌گیری، در مراحل مختلف تحقیق، روش هدفمند ـ متوالی به‌کار برده شد و درمجموع 36 نفر در این تحقیق مشارکت داشته‌اند. 94 عامل شناسایی شد که این عوامل در قالب هجده مؤلفه و چهار بعد تعریف شده‌اند. نتایج حاصل از نگاشت مفهومی ضمن تأیید نحوه طبقه‌بندی عوامل، نشان‌دهنده آن است که بیشترین اجماع بر بعد تحقیق، بعد خط‌مشی‌گذار و ویژگی‌های هویتی محقق و در نهایت بعد زمینه است. این رتبه‌بندی، توسط آزمون فریدمن نیز تأیید شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Model on Factors Influencing on Policy Studies in Policymaking; in Light of Concept Mapping

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahmatollah Gholipour 1
  • Seyed Mehdi Alvani 2
  • Hasan Zarei Matin 3
  • Gholamreza Jandaghi 3
  • Ali Hamidizadeh 4
چکیده [English]

Policy research is process of doing research about or analyzing a social issue in order to propose policymakers with some practical recommendations. Utilizing policy research is important than of doing it. Utilization occurs when policy research affect, shape or change people or systems. This article aims to identify factors influencing on the utilization of policy research and to design them within a model. In doing so, a sequential-exploratory mixed method is used. In order to identify factors, literature review, interview and focus group are used. In order to design a model, conceptual mapping is used. Statistical population is teachers and researchers in the field of public policymaking. In different stages of multi-level sampling, sequential-Purposive method is used. In sum, 36 people have participated in this research (10 people in stage of interview, 7 people in stage of focus group and 19 people in stage of designing model). Finally, 94 factors within 18 components and 4 dimensions were identified. This article s results support “classification of factors” and show that there is consensus mostly over research itself, policymaker and idiosyncrasies of researcher, and contextual dimension, which freedman s test has supported this ranking.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Policymaking
  • Policy Research
  • concept mapping
  • utilization of policy research
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