عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent decades, various researches have been conducted on the relationship between the religion and political participation of Iranian citizens. In this regard, the present study aims to use the meta-analysis method to analyze the results of studies on the relationship between the religion and political participation.
In order to carry out the present analysis, 12 related studies were conducted during 2005-2015 which aims to evaluate the relationship between religion and political participation as well as published in prestigious quarterly journals. Selected research has been carried out through survey method in different statistical societies and in terms of stable measurements. In the first step, the evaluation of selected studies, assumptions of homogeneity as well as dissemination errors were examined. They showed heterogeneous size effects which did not bias the published studies. In the second step, the coefficient of size effects as well as the role of gender variable adjustment were evaluated.
The results showed that the effect size or the coefficient of the influence of religiosity on political participation is estimated 0.33 which is assessed as moderate in terms of the Cohen's interpretative system. Also, considering gender as a moderating variable, this coefficient were evaluated for women (0.34) and for men (0.32) respectively.
According to the results, the component of religiosity has an impact on the level of political participation, although this proportion for women is somewhat higher than men. In fact, the greater commitment of women to religious beliefs provides grounds for greater political participation.