عوامل شناختی اثرگذار بر ادراک در فرایند قانونگذاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 رئیس مرکز پژوهش‌های مجلس شورای اسلامی

4 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

بررسی علمی رفتار نمایندگان در انجام امور نمایندگی‌شان از‌جمله قانونگذاری اهمیت بسزایی دارد. در فرایند پیچیده قانونگذاری ادراک افراد نقش مؤثری ایفا می‌کند و بدیهی است نمایندگان براساس برداشت و ادراکی که از شرایط دارند به تدوین یا تصویب قوانین دست می‌زنند. بنابراین شناسایی عوامل اثرگذار بر ادراک نمایندگان نقش مؤثری بر عملکرد نمایندگان ایفا خواهد کرد. هدف اصلی این پژوهش، شناسایی عوامل شناختی اثرگذار بر ادراک نمایندگان با بهره‌گیری از نظریه داده بنیاد کلاسیک است. تحلیل داده‌ها در فرایند کدگذاری و تحلیل، منجر به ظهور 90 کد، 12 مفهوم انتزاعی، سه مقوله، دو قضیه اصلی و هفت زیر‌قضیه شد و نشان داد عوامل شناختی از طریق دو مقوله مدل‌های ذهنی و فرایندهای ذهنی بر ادراک نمایندگان اثر می‌گذارد. منظور از مدل‌های ذهنی؛ ایدئولوژی، تمایلات حزبی، باورها و نگرش‌ها و تاریخ‌گرایی نمایندگان است و منظور از فرایندهای ذهنی؛ توجه، خودآگاهی و قدرت تجزیه و تحلیل نمایندگان است. در این تحقیق، نحوه دستیابی به مفاهیم گفته شده و دو قضیه اصلی شرح داده شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Identification of Effective Cognitive Factors on the Perception in the Legislative Process

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Ali Akbar Afjei 1
  • Vajholah Ghorbani Zadeh 2
  • kazem jalali 3
  • elham heydari 4
1 professor of management, Alameh University, Tehran, Iran Tabatabai
2 associate professor of management , Alameh Tabatabai University,Tehran, Iran
3 Head of Islamic Parliament Research Center
4 Phd student
چکیده [English]

The review of MPs’ legislative behaviors in carrying out their parliamentary functions including legislation is of great importance.  With regard to the complicated legislative process, parliamentarians’ perceptions can play a major role in their legislative performances such as drafting as well as approving laws. The present research aims to identify effective cognitive factors on parliamentarians’ perceptions through using a classic grounded theory approach. Data analysis in the coding process resulted in the emergence of ninety codes, twelve concepts and three categories, two propositions and seven sub propositions. The analysis of data shows that cognitive factors can affect the MP’s perception through two mental models and processes categories. Mental models involve four concepts of political ideology, the inclinations of political parties, beliefs and attitudes also historicism. Mental processes refer to the attention, self-awareness and analysis power. In the present research, the process of how to reach these mentioned concepts as well as two main propositions are explained in detail.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Perception
  • Cognitive Factors
  • Mental Models
  • Mental Processes
  • Classic Grounded Theory Approach
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