بررسی رابطه بلندمدت بین مخارج آموزشی، بهداشتی ، امنیت و رفاه اجتماعی و رشد اقتصادی در کشورهای عضو سازمان کنفرانس اسلامی (رهیافت حداقل مربعات پویا)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و بازرگانی، گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

چگونگی ترکیب مخارج دولت و تاثیر آن بر رشد اقتصادی از موضوعات مورد توجه اقتصاددانان بوده و بخش عمده‌ای از مطالعات تجربی با تکیه بر مدل‌های رشد درونزا به مطالعه تاثیر ترکیب مخارج دولتی بر رشد اقتصادی پردخته‌اند. در این راستا، مطالعه حاضر به بررسی رابطه بلندمدت بین مخارج آموزشی، مخارج بهداشتی و مخارج امنیت و رفاه اجتماعی با رشد اقتصادی در 57 کشور عضو سازمان کنفرانس اسلامی طی سالهای 2010-1970 پرداخته است. نتایج برآورد مدل به روش حداقل مربعات پویا در داده-های تابلویی نشان می‌دهد که مخارج آموزشی و رفاه اجتماعی تأثیر مثبت و مخارج بهداشتی و کسری بودجه دولت تأثیر منفی و معنی‌دار بر رشد اقتصادی کشورهای مورد مطالعه داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Long-run Relationship education, health, security and social welfare Expenditures and Economic growth in Organization of Islamic Countries (Dynamic Ordinary Least Square in Panel Data)

نویسنده [English]

  • seyedkamal Sadeghi
چکیده [English]

The investigation of government effect on the economic growth is one of the main important issues in endogenous growth models and has been considered in economic literatures.
For this purpose, the objective of this paper is to investigate the long-run relationship between government expenditures such as expenditure on education, health, security and social welfare with economic growth in 57 OIC countries over the period of 1970-2010.
The estimation of econometric model by using of DOLS co-integrating approach indicates that education, security and social welfare expenditures have positive and fiscal deficit has negative and significant effect on economic growth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education expenditure
  • Health expenditure
  • Security and social expenditure
  • Economic Growth
  • Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS)
1. زارع، بیژن و زاهد اسدی (1390). «رابطه تأمین اجتماعی با توسعه اقتصادی ـ اجتماعی در ایران»، رفاه اجتماعی، ش 11 (42).
2. سعدی، محمدرضا و دیگران (1389). «تحلیل ارتباط مخارج دولت و رشد اقتصادی در چارچوب مدل رشد بارو»، فصلنامه پژوهشنامه اقتصادی، سال دهم، ش 3.
3. سلمانی، بهزاد و علیرضا محمدی (1388). «بررسی اثر مخارج بهداشتی دولت بر رشد اقتصادی ایران»، فصلنامه پژوهشهای اقتصادی ایران، ش 39.
4. گسکری، ریحانه و علیرضا اقبالی (1386). «مخارج دولت و رشد اقتصادی در ایران»، مجله تحقیقات اقتصادی، ش 81.
5. مجتهد، احمد و سعید جوادیپور (1383). «بررسی اثر هزینههای بهداشتی بر رشد اقتصادی (مطالعه موردی کشورهای منتخب در حال توسعه)»، فصلنامه پژوهشهای اقتصادی ایران، ش 19.
6. هادیان، محمد و دیگران (1385). «اثر مخارج بهداشتی بر رشد اقتصادی کشور ایران طی سالهای 1383-1358»، فصلنامه مدیریت سلامت، دوره 9، ش 24.
7. Abhijeet, Chandra (2010). "Does Government Expenditure on Education Promote Economic Growth? An Econometric Analysis," MPRA Paper 25480.
8. Aisa, R. and P. F. Pueyo (2005). "Government HealthSpending and Growth in a Model of EndogenousLongevity", Economics Letters, Elsevier, 90(2).
9. Alam, S., A. Sultana and M.S. Butt (2010). "Does Social Expenditures Promote Economic Growth? A Multivariate Panel Co-integration Analysis for Asian Countries", European Journal of Social Sciences, 14 (1).
10. Annabi, N., S. Harvey and Y. Lan (2011). "Public Expenditures on Education, Human Capital and Growth in Canada: An OLG Model Analysis", Journal of Policy Modeling 33.
11. Aschauer, D. (1989). "Is Government Spending Productive?" Journal of Monetary Economics 23.
12. Asian Development Bank (various issues). "Key Indicators of Asian and Pacific Countries".
13. Baldacci, E., B., Clements and S. Gupta (2007). "Using Fiscal Policy to Spur Growth," Finance and Development, IMF Working Paper.
14. Barro, R. (1989). "A Cross Country Study of Growth, Saving, and Government," NBER Working Paper.
15. Barro, R.J. (1991). "Economic Growth in A Cross Section of Countries," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106.
16. Baum, N.D and S. Lin (1993). "The Differential Effects on Economic Growth of Government Expenditures on Education, Welfare and Defense, Journal of Economic Development, 18.
17. Bellettini, G. and C.B. Ceroni (2000). "Social Security Expenditure and Economic Growth: an Empirical Assessment", Journal of Research in Economics, 54.
18. Blankenau, W.F. and N.B. Simpson (2004). "Public Education Expenditures and Growth", Journal of Development Economics, 73.
19. Bloom, D.E., D. Canning and J. Sevilla (2004). "The Effect of Health on Economic Growth: A Production Function Approach", World Development 32(1).
20. Cashin, P. (1995). "Government Spending, Taxes, and Economic Growth", IMF Staff Papers, 42.
21. Chenery, H.B and M. Syrquin (1975). Patterns of Development: 1950-1970, Oxford University Press London.
22. Colombier, C. (2000). "Does the Composition of Public Expenditure Affect Economic Growth?", Evidence from Switzerland, Working Paper.
23. Devarajan, S., Vinaya Swaroop, Heng-fu Zou (1996). "The Composition of Public Sector and Economic Growth", Journal of Monetary Economics, 37.
24. Feldstein, M. (1974). "Social Security, Induced Retirement and Aggregate Capital Accumulation", Journal of Political Economy, 82.
25. Folster, S. and M. Henrekson (2001). "Growth Effects of Government Expenditure and Taxation in Rich Countries", European Economic Review, 50(1).
26. Fuchs, V.R. (1966). "The Contribution of Health Services to the American Economy", Milbank Memorial Quarterly, 44.
27. Grossman, M. (1972). "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health", Journal of Political Economy, 82.
28. Ighodaro, C.A. and D.E. Oriakhi (2010). "Does the Relationship Between Government Expenditure and Economic Growth Follow Wagner’s Law in Nigeria", Annals of the University of Petroşani, Economics, 10 (2).
29. Kao, C. and M.H. Chiang (2000). "On the Estimation and Inference of a Cointegrated Regression in Panel Data", In Baltagi B. H. (ed.), Advances in Econometrics: Nonstationary Panels, Panel Cointegration and Dynamic Panels, Vol. 15.
30. Lee, Chien-Chiang and Chun-Ping Chang (2006). "Social Security Expenditures and Economic Growth", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 33 issue 6.
31. Lucas, R.E.J R. (1988). "On the Mechanics of Economic Development", Journal of Monetary Economics.
32. Maddala G.S. and Shaowen Wu (1999). "A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests With Panel data and New Simple Test", Oxford Bullertin of Economics and Statistics, Speccial Issue.
33. Mohd Hussin, M., M.F. Fidlizan and A.A. Razak (2012). "Education Expenditure and Economic Growth: A Causal Analysis for Malaysia, Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 3 (7).
34. Mushkin, S.J. (1962). "Health as An Investment", Journal of Political Economy, 70.
35. Muysken, J., I.H. Yetkiner and T. Ziesemer (2003). Health, Labor, Productivity and Growth, In Growth Theory and Growth Policy,edited by H. Hagemann and S. Seiter, London, Routledge.
36. Nah, Seok Ling (1997). Social Expenditure and Economic Development: Theory and Evidence, Honors Thesis, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Working Paper, No. 2855.
37. Perotti, R. (1996). "Growth, Income Distribution and Democracy: what the Data Say", Journal of Economic Growth, 1.
38. Romer, David (2006). Advanced Macroeconomic, McGraw-Hill, Third Edition.
39. Scheffler, R. M. (2004). "Health Expenditure and Economic Growth: An International Perspective", Occasional Papers on Globallzation, 1, No. 10.
40. Van Zon, A. H. and J. Muysken (2001). "Health and Endogenous Growth", Journal of Health Economics, 20.
41. Ventelou, B. and X. Bry (2006). "The Role of Public Spending in Economic Growth: Envelopment methods", Journal of Policy Modeling, 28.
42. Wang, K.M. (2011). Health Care Expenditure and Economic Growth: Quintile Panel-type Analysis", Economic Modeling, 28.
43. Westerlund, J. and D. Persyn (2008). "Error-Correction-Based Co-integration Tests for Panel Data", The Stata journal, 8 (2).
44. World Bank (2011). "World Development Indicator", CD-ROM Washington DC.