عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Undoubtedly security establishment is the most fundamental aim in each country which crime occurrence diminishes its basis and imposes expenditure on society. Multiple causes can be mentioned as crime is a social unfavorable phenomenon and with respect to its importance in different countries, recently widespread literatures have been accomplished in identification and specification of crime incidence. Due to the fact that almost entire existing literature admit significant relation between economic factors and crime, should be mentioned among reasons of crime incidence, economic factors have the noticeable role. Present survey is an attempt on this issue, since lately it has been center of attention among researchers. Hence, this research examines the effect of growth and industrial development as an economic factors on crime occurrence (the sample in ninth rubbery consist of car, motorcycle, cattle, car accessories, houses, stores, official companies, commercial and industrial centers and other companies rubbery) in Iran according to province data during the Third and Fourth development plan (2001-2010) using econometrics patterns and panel data regression. To trace this aim, first, employing industrial sector data and TOPSIS technique, growth and industrial development indices are calculated for different provinces of the country. After computing indices mentioned above, the compilation common robbery and also calculating crime index by provinces separation, the relationship between industrial growths with crime is investigated. The results indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between industrial growth and crime. Accordingly, considering the results of this survey, although industrial sector in achieving economic growth and development have a noticeable role, beside advantages of industrial processing, disadvantages like crime increasing and security diminishing is exist.