عنوان مقاله [English]
Human rights challenges have always been a source of pressure on Iran over the past four decades. This article, with using a causal layered analysis and in a hybrid way, explores the causes of these challenges in four levels of Litany, empirical, Discourse and Mythological analysis, as well as offering suggested strategies to deal with them in each layer. According to the findings of the research, in the first layer of the causes, Litany, we see a media controversy as well as an advertising magnification, the most identified in the first layer on issues such as executions, women's rights and their coverage, minority rights, journalists, and political activists Returns.
In the second layer, based on the study of academic work and research, various causes such as political, legal, technological causes, cultural causes were identified. In the third layer, the role of the West-based discourse in the global system as well as the West-backed discourse was raised in the surrounding countries, and in the fourth layer, it was pointed out to factors such as the myth of humanism, liberalism, and pluralism. Finally, short-term, medium-term and long-term strategies were identified in order to identify the causes in each layer.