عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study aims to evaluate poverty in rural and urban areas of Ilam Province in regards of four various fields including extent, distribution, severity and policy making. In this connection, using expenditure and income data of the households during, per-capita poverty, poverty gap, lump-sum targeting and time taken to exit of poverty indices (during the 2nd-5th development plan) were estimated. Results show that structural reforms had been occurred in the fourth and fifth development plans are different in comparison with the previous plans. For instance, poverty level in rural areas has been more increased than urban areas for the first time as well as only in this period, poverty was increased in both mentioned areas. The evaluation of per-capita poverty index based on household characteristics show that after conducting targeted subsidies plan, not only the problem of poverty is not removed in each household, but also vulnerability level has been increased in non-vulnerable households. Average exit time measure of poverty shows that households which are suffering from maximum poverty gap can be gotten rid of poverty only by a 12% growth rate, during a period of 10 years. According to the results of lump-sum targeting index, 36% of rural households as well as 30% of urban households will be poor even through a double increment of subsidies. Therefore, it is obvious that current policies could not help in poverty modification but poverty elimination needs for wider social supports which requires to review of supportive policies and poor identification methods.
منابع و مآخذ
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