تحلیل اقتصادی مذاکره در حل و فصل اختلافات تجاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدرس دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در قراردادهای تجاری، طرفین توافق می‌کنند قبل از اینکه اختلاف خود را نزد سیستم داوری یا قضایی مطرح کنند ابتدا با مذاکره‌های دوستانه و با کمترین هزینه، زمان و خسارات احتمالی به روابط تجاری‌شان به حل‌وفصل اختلاف خود نائل شوند. از منظر تحلیل اقتصادی، نهاد حقوقی مذاکره به‌مثابه یک رفتار اقتصادی لحاظ شده که طرفین با توجه به آثار آن، به محاسبه سود و زیان پرداخته و رفتار خود را برای نیل به حداکثر منفعت و حل‌و‌فصل اختلاف تنظیم می‌‌کنند. این مقاله با طرح این پرسش که آیا ارجاع ابتدایی اختلاف‌ها به مذاکره، منطبق بر مبانی اقتصادی است یا خیر، این دیدگاه و فرضیه را دنبال خواهد کرد که چنین روشی نه‌تنها منطبق بر نظریات اقتصادی بلکه مورد تأیید فرمول‌های اقتصادی مانند هزینه - ‌‌فایده، کارایی و رفاه نیز است و شایسته است نظام تقنینی ایران در راستای سامان‌بخشی به این نهاد و منافع آن، مقررات مربوطه را تهیه و تصویب کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Economic Analysis of Negotiation for the Settlement of Commercial Disputes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadjavad kazemi 1
  • Abdolhosein Shiravi 2
2 Department of law, Tehran university
چکیده [English]

On commercial contracts, firstly, parties agree to resolve their disputes through amicable negotiations before referring to an arbitrator or the judiciary in a bid to settle their disputes at the lowest possible cost as well as in the shortest possible time and also the least possible damage to their commercial relationship. From the perspective of economic analysis, negotiation is considered as an economic behavior that parties with regard to its results, perform cost and benefit analysis as well as organize their behavior in a bid to achieve maximum benefits as well as resolve their disputes.The main question which is raised in this paper is whether the initial settlement of disputes through negotiation is consisted with economic basis or not. The following hypothesis which is proposed is that the peaceful settlement of disputes (negotiation) not only is complied with the economic theories but also is strongly consistent with the economic formulas such as cost-benefit, efficiency and welfare

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Analysis
  • Negotiation
  • Settlement of dispute
  • Cost-Benefit
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