تأثیر گرایش به کارآفرینی و عملکرد مالی بنگاه‌های کوچک و متوسط استان آذربایجان غربی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه صنعتی ارومیه

2 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی صنایع گرایش سیستم‌های اقتصادی و اجتماعی، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه صنعتی ارومیه

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر ابعاد گرایش به کارآفرینی بر عملکرد مالی بنگاه‌های‌ کوچک و متوسط (SMEs) استان آذربایجان غربی با توجه به نقش پویایی محیط است. برای تحقق این هدف با استفاده از ابزار پرسش‌نامه در قالب یک پژوهش پیمایشی و توصیفی به بررسی تأثیر پنج بعد گرایش به کارآفرینی شامل نوآوری، ریسک‌پذیری، رقابت تهاجمی، پیشگامی و استقلال می‌پردازیم. به‌عبارت‌دیگر، این پژوهش در پی پاسخ به این سؤالات است که آیا ابعاد گرایش به کارآفرینی تأثیر مثبتی بر عملکرد مالی بنگاه‌های کوچک و متوسط دارند؟ نقش متغیر پویایی محیط در این روابط چیست؟ این سؤالات با استفاده از روش‌های رگرسیون چندگانه و رگرسیون سلسله‌مراتبی مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرند. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهند که رابطه‌ بین چهار زوج نوآوری ـ عملکرد مالی، ریسک‌پذیری ـ عملکرد مالی، پیشگامی ـ عملکرد مالی و رقابت تهاجمی ـ عملکرد مالی مثبت و معنا‌دار است. اما استقلال هیچ رابطه‌ معنا‌داری با عملکرد مالی ندارد. در ضمن، پویایی محیط رابطه‌ بین چهار زوج نوآوری ـ عملکرد مالی، ریسک‌پذیری ـ عملکرد مالی، پیشگامی ـ عملکرد مالی و رقابت تهاجمی ـ عملکرد مالی را تعدیل می‌کند، اما این متغیر رابطه‌ بین استقلال و عملکرد مالی را تعدیل نمی‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Financial Performance of Short and Medium-sized Enterprises in West Azerbaijan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • rahim taghizadeh 1
  • maryam fekrat 2
2 daneshgahe sanatiye urumiye
چکیده [English]

This paper aims to investigates the impact of dimensions of Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) on financial performance of west Azerbaijan SMEs in terms of the role of environmental dynamism. To accomplish this goal, using the questionnaire as well as drawing on  a field study and survey, the impact of five dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation, namely innovation, risk-taking, aggressive competition, proactiveness and autonomy, are investigated. In other words, this research seeks to answer the following questions: do the dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation contain a positive impact on the financial performance of small and medium enterprises? What's environmental dynamism role? These questions are assessed through multiple regression and hierarchical regression.
       The results indicate that relationship between the four couples; innovation/ financial performance, risk taking/ financial performance, proactiveness/ financial performance and aggressive competition/ financial performance is significant and positive. but there is not significant relationship between autonomy and financial performance of SMEs. In addition, environmental dynamism moderates the relationship between the mentioned four couples.  But environmental dynamism does not moderate the relationship between autonomy and financial performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial Orientation
  • Financial Performance
  • Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs)
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