عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
As the manifester of cultural, social, political and economic institutions of the people of Iran based on Islamic principles and rules, the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran can be the clear guide to present an Iranian-Islamic development model. This Constitution has a model for all aspects of social life like: political, economic, cultural aspects. These models in cooperation with each other, shape the Constitution system in order to reach to ideal society. The final goal of this system is to contrive the growth and promotion and development of human being that finally becomes "perfect man".
The Constitution has determined economic duties for the government in such a way that we can call the economic model of Constitution: "Satisfying Basic Needs". In this model, the Government is bound to harness all the facilities of the country to satisfy basic needs (including housing, food, clothing, hygiene, medical treatment, free education and physical training for everyone at all levels, the necessary facilities for establishment of a family for all citizens and ensuring conditions and opportunities of employment for everyone) of members of the society. This model is flexible, phased, targeted and measurable and is completely related to the political and cultural model of the Constitution. Whenever this model, which is the satisfaction of basic needs of each person, is performed, the required condition for improvement is provided. In Constitutional logic, improvement is nothing but the realization of "the perfect man".
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18. ILO (1976). Employment, Growth and Basic Needs: A one-World Problem, Geneve, ILO.